4: Enjoy dairy products only in moderation
Milk and milk products are considered one of the most important sources of protein. The high calcium content and some essential amino acids also make milk an important component of a healthy diet. However, the keeping of cows is considered to be particularly harmful to the environment. We therefore recommend reducing the consumption of dairy products to a minimum, but not necessarily doing without them altogether. If you want to completely eliminate milk from your diet, you should choose plant-based substitutes instead to meet your protein and calcium needs.
5: Regionality scores!
On the way to a more sustainable diet, regionality is one of the most important buzzwords. In recent years, the trend has been increasingly towards cheap products from all parts of the world. The burden on the environment from long transport routes is immense. We recommend avoiding products that are not produced in the EU as much as possible. Of course, products from the immediate vicinity are particularly to be preferred. A good way to support regional farms is to visit farmers' markets. You can buy fruit and vegetables from the region. Most of the time, they are also low in pollutants and pesticides. If you are put off by high prices, we have more good news for you. Since there are no middlemen, farmers are usually able to offer many products at the same price (or even cheaper) than in large supermarkets.
In addition to regionality, seasonality is particularly important. We are used to being able to buy the complete variety of fruit and vegetables at any time of the year. However, this freedom comes at the expense of the environment. Produce that is not in season either has to be transported halfway across the world or grown in glass houses. These glass houses consume a lot of energy and water. The balance is particularly negative when products are neither regional nor seasonal. An example of this is the popular strawberries from Spain. Of course it is nice to be able to buy fresh, sweet strawberries at Christmas. However, the strawberry industry in southern Spain uses so much water that the reservoirs dry up and long-term damage to Spanish agriculture and nature cannot be ruled out.
7: Organic products and organic farming
Fruit and vegetables are usually treated with all kinds of pesticides and toxins to keep pests away and to look as attractive as possible. However, these substances not only harm the environment by interfering with the balance of the ecosystem, but can also have an effect on your body. We therefore recommend using organic products from ecological cultivation. You can best recognise these by the corresponding quality labels.
8: Sustainable drinking
In Central Europe, we are lucky to have very good drinking water in large quantities. Instead of buying bottled water and sodas, you can drink water from the tap. However, if you do feel like a refreshing drink, we recommend that you buy products made from recycled materials. Glass bottles or products made from 100 per cent recycled PET are preferable.
9: Eating healthy by doing without
Every healthy diet is also associated with a certain sacrifice. This is most common in the area of small snacks and treats. A little piece of chocolate here, a jelly bear there and a delicious ice cream with whipped cream to top it off. Of course, sweets and snacks are extremely satisfying and can be a real balm for the soul. However, they are as unhealthy and harmful to the body as they are to the environment. So if you give up the occasional sweet treat, you'll be doing yourself and our world a big favour.
10: Avoid food waste
Every day, countless tonnes of food are thrown away in this country. In the private sector, poor planning is primarily responsible for this waste. If you think about which products you will actually need in the coming days and go shopping with a targeted list, you can easily counteract this point. If you find yourself in a situation where you have bought too much food, we recommend that you process it and freeze it. If this is not possible, many shops and associations now offer the possibility of putting food in a distribution list. Those in need can drop by at any time and receive food at no cost, which would otherwise have ended up in the bin.